Working with Kelly Gallagher and Amy Jaffe at the Climate Policy Lab at Tufts University, I am
examining the “cement-steel-infrastructure” interface of the Belt and Road Initiative. I am arguing
that the literature on decarbonization and energy transitions focuses on the energy system but
misses out on the complimentary industries that generate massive amounts of CO2 emissions and
inextricably linked with the “infrastructure development” aspirations of many countries in the
Global South. Here, I am looking at the domestic expansion of cement and the outward expansion of
steel industries in the Global South that generate these emissions.